A match is played by two teams, each consisting of not more than five players, one of whom is the goalkeeper. A match may not start if either team consists of fewer than three players. The match is abandoned if one of the teams has fewer than three players on the pitch.
A player must not use equipment or wear anything that is dangerous to himself or another player (including any kind of jewellery).
All items of jewellery (necklaces, rings, bracelets, earrings, leather bands, rubber bands, etc.) are strictly forbidden and must be removed by the players and substitutes before the start of the match.
Using tape to cover jewellery is not acceptable.
Referees and assistant referees are also prohibited from wearing jewellery (except for the referee, who is permitted to wear a watch or similar device to time the match if the timekeeper is absent).
Duration of the match
The match shall last two equal periods of 20 minutes.
The teams are entitled to a one-minute time-out in each half.
The basic compulsory equipment of a player comprises the following separate items:
- A jersey or shirt – if undergarments are worn, the colour of the sleeve must be the same main colour as the sleeve of the jersey
- Shorts – if undershorts are worn, they must be of the same main colour as the shorts. The goalkeeper is permitted to wear long trousers
- Long Socks
- Shin guards
- Footwear – canvas or soft leather training or Moulded Studded Boots
- Shin guards are covered entirely by the stockings
- are made of rubber, plastic or a similar approved material
- provide a reasonable degree of protection
- The two teams must wear colours that distinguish them from each other and also the referees and the assistant referees
- Each goalkeeper must wear colours that distinguish him from the other players, the referees and the assistant referees
Infringements and sanctions
In the event of any infringement of this Law:
- Play need not be stopped
- The player at fault is instructed by the referees to leave the pitch to correct his equipment when the ball next ceases to be in play, unless he has already corrected his equipment
- Any player required to leave the pitch to correct his equipment must not re-enter without the permission of the referees or third referee
- The referees, either directly or through the third referee, check that the player’s equipment is correct before allowing him to re-enter the pitch
- The player, if he has not been substituted, is only allowed to re-enter the pitch when the ball is out of play or under the supervision of the third referee when the ball is in play. A player having been required to leave the pitch because of an infringement of this Law and not having been substituted who re-enters the pitch without the permission of the referees or third referee must be cautioned.
Numbering of the players
The competition rules must stipulate the numbering of the players, which is normally from 1 to 15, with number 1 reserved for a goalkeeper.
The organisers must bear in mind that it is impossible for referees to signal numbers greater than 15. The number of each player must be visible on his back and be distinguishable from the main colour of the shirt.
The competition rules must determine the size of the numbers and whether they are mandatory, as well as their size on other items of the players’ basic equipment.
A kick-off is a way of starting or restarting play:
- At the start of the match
- After a goal has been scored
- At the start of the second half of the match
- At the start of each period of extra time, where applicable
A goal may not be scored directly from the kick-off.
- All players must be in their own half of the pitch
- The opponents of the team taking the kick-off are at least 5 m from the ball until it is in play
- The ball must be stationary on the centre mark
- The referee gives a signal
- The ball is in play when it is kicked and moves forward after a team scores a goal, provided that the period has not ended, the kick-off is taken by the other team.
Infringements and sanctions
If the ball is in play and the player taking the kick-off touches the ball again (except with his hands) before it has touched another player:
- An indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing team, to be taken from the position of the ball when the infringement occurred
If the ball is in play and the player taking the kick-off deliberately handles the ball before it has touched another player
: • an indirect free kick is awarded to the opposing team, to be taken from the position of the ball when the infringement occurred and his team is sanctioned with an accumulated foul
In the event of any other infringement of the kick-off procedure:
- The kick-off is retaken and the advantage cannot be applied
A goal is scored when the whole of the ball passes over the goal line, between the goalposts and under the crossbar, provided that no infringement of the Laws of the Game has been committed previously by the team scoring the goal.
The Kick In
A kick-in is a method of restarting play.
A kick-in is awarded to the opponents of the player who last touches the ball when the whole of the ball crosses the touch line, either on the ground or in the air,
A goal may not be scored directly from a kick-in.
Position of the players
The opponents must be:
- On the pitch
- At a distance of no less than 5m from the place on the touch line where the kick-in is taken
Position of kick-in
At the moment of delivering the ball, the kicker:
- has one foot on the touch line or on the ground outside the pitch
- kicks the ball, which must be stationary, either from the point where it left the pitch or on the ground outside it at a distance no greater than 25cm from that point
- delivers the ball within four seconds of being ready to do so
The ball in is play when it enters the pitch.
Infringements and sanctions
If, when a kick-in is taken, an opponent is closer to the ball than the required distance:
- the kick-in is retaken by the same team and the offending player is cautioned, unless the advantage can be applied or an offence punishable by a free kick or penalty kick is committed by the opposing team of the player taking the kick-in
The Goalkeeper is the only player that is permitted to slide within his designated area once he leaves that area he must abide by the no slide tackle rule.
The goalkeeper has no restrictions on how many times he can receive the ball from his own team mates.
The goalkeeper has 4 seconds to release the ball while in control of the ball either with their hands or at their feet anywhere in their own half each time they receive it
If keeper is penalised with a 4 second violation the opposition is awarded an in direct free kick to be taken at position of infringement.
In general play the keeper can either throw or kick or drop punt the ball but can only score from a kick or drop punt
The goal clearance is a method of restarting play.
A goal clearance is awarded when the whole of the ball passes over the goal line, either on the ground or in the air, having last touched a player of the attacking team, and a goal is not scored.
The ball can only be thrown from a goal clearance
A goal may not be scored directly from a goal clearance.
Position of the players
The opponents must be:
- On the pitch and outside the penalty area of the team taking the goal clearance until the ball is in play Procedure
- The ball is thrown from any point inside the penalty area by the goalkeeper of the defending team • The goalkeeper of the defending team takes the goal clearance within four seconds of being ready to do so
- The ball is in play when it is thrown directly out of the penalty area by the goalkeeper of the defending team
If the ball is not thrown directly out of the penalty area from a goal clearance:
- The clearance is retaken, but the four-second count is not reset and continues once the goalkeeper is ready to retake it
The corner kick
Is a method of restarting play.
A corner kick is awarded when the whole of the ball passes over the goal line, either on the ground or in the air, having last touched a player of the defending team, and a goal is not scored
. A goal may be scored directly from a corner kick, but only against the opposing team.
Position of the ball and the players
The ball must be:
- Inside the corner arc nearest to the point where the ball crossed the goal line
The opponents must be:
- On the pitch at least 5m from the corner arc until the ball is in play
- The ball must be kicked by a player of the attacking team
- The team taking the kick must deliver the ball within four seconds of being ready to do so
- The ball is in play when it is kicked and moves
If the corner kick is not taken within four seconds:
- A goal clearance is awarded to the opposing team
A substitution may be made at any time, whether the ball is in play or not. To replace a player with a substitute, the following conditions must be observed:
- The player leaves the pitch via his own team’s substitution zone, save in the exceptions provided for in the Futsal Laws of the Game
- The substitute only enters the pitch after the player being replaced has left
- The substitute enters the pitch via his own team’s substitution zone
- The substitution is completed when a substitute enters the pitch via his own team’s substitution zone, after handing his bib to the player being replaced, unless this player has had to leave the pitch via another zone for any reason provided for in the Laws of the Game, in which case the substitute shall hand his bib to the third referee
- From that moment, the substitute becomes a player and the player he has replaced becomes a substituted player • the substituted player may take further part in the match
- All substitutes are subject to the authority and jurisdiction of the referees, whether called upon to play or not
- If a period is extended to allow a penalty kick, a kick from the second penalty mark or a direct free kick without a wall to be taken, only the goalkeeper of the defending team may be substituted
Changing the goalkeeper
- Any of the substitutes may change places with the goalkeeper without informing the referees or waiting for a stoppage in the match
- Any player may change places with the goalkeeper
- The player changing places with the goalkeeper must do so during a stoppage in the match and must inform the referees before the change is made
Infringements and sanctions
If a substitute enters the pitch before the player being replaced has left or, during a substitution, a substitute enters the pitch from a place other than his own team’s substitution zone:
- The referees stop play (although not immediately if they can apply the advantage)
- The referees caution him for infringing the substitution procedure and order him to leave the pitch if the referees have stopped play; it is restarted with an indirect free kick to the opposing team from the position of the ball at the time of the stoppage
Fouls and Misconduct
Direct free kick
A direct free kick shall be awarded to the opposing team if a player
commits any of the following six infringements in a manner considered
by the referees to be careless, reckless or excessively forceful:
- Kicking or attempting to kick an opponent
- Tripping or attempting to trip an opponent, either by sliding or by bending down in front of or behind an opponent.
- Jumping on an opponent
- Charging an opponent
- Striking or attempting to strike an opponent
- Pushing an opponent
A direct free kick shall also be awarded to the opposing team if a
player commits any of the following five infringements:
- Holding an opponent
- Spitting at an opponent
- Sliding in an attempt to play the ball while an opponent is playing it or is about to play it (sliding tackle), except for the goalkeeper in his own penalty area, provided that he does not endanger the safety of an opponent
- Touching the opponent before the ball when attempting to win possession
- Carrying, striking or throwing the ball with one’s hands or arms, except for the goalkeeper in his own penalty area.
The direct free kick shall be taken from the place where the infringement
occurred, unless the free kick has been awarded to the defending team in its own penalty area, in which case the free kick may be taken from any point inside the penalty area.
The above-mentioned infringements are accumulated fouls.
Showing dissent by word or action
A player or substitute who is guilty of dissent by protesting (verbally or nonverbally) against the decisions of the referees or assistant referees must be cautioned.
The captain of a team has no special status or privileges under the Laws of the Game but he has a degree of responsibility for the behaviour of his team.
Any player or substitute who attacks a match official or is guilty of using offensive, rude or obscene gestures or language must be sent off.
A penalty kick shall be awarded if a player commits any of the aforementioned infringements inside his own penalty area, irrespective of the position of the ball but provided that it is in play.
An indirect free kick shall be awarded to the opposing team if a goalkeeper commits any of the following offences:
- After clearing the ball, he touches it again with his hands before it has been played or touched by an opponent
- He touches or controls the ball with his hands after it has been deliberately kicked to him by a team-mate
- He touches or controls the ball with his hands after he has received it directly from a kick-in taken by a team-mate
- He touches or controls the ball with his hands or feet in his own half for more than four seconds
An indirect free kick shall also be awarded to the opposing team from the place where the infringement occurred, if, in the opinion of the referee, a player:
- Plays in a dangerous manner
- Deliberately obstructs an opponent
- Prevents the goalkeeper from throwing the ball with his hands
- Commits any other infringement not previously mentioned in Law 12 for which play is stopped to caution or dismiss a player
The indirect free kick shall be taken from the place where the infringement occurred*.
A player or a substitute shall be cautioned and shown the yellow card if he commits any of the following infringements:
- Unsporting behaviour
- Dissent by word or action
- Persistent infringement of the Laws of the Game
- Delaying the restart of play
- Failure to respect the required distance when play is restarted with
- A corner kick, kick-in, free kick or goal clearance
- Entering or re-entering the pitch without the referees’ permission or infringement of the substitution procedure
- Deliberately leaving the pitch without the referees’ permission
A player or a substitute shall be sent off and shown the red card if he commits any of the following offences:
- Serious foul play
- Violent conduct
- Spitting at an opponent or any other person
- Denying the opposing team a goal or an obvious goal scoring opportunity by deliberately handling the ball (with the exception of a goalkeeper inside his own penalty area)
- Denying an opponent moving towards the player’s goal an obvious goal scoring opportunity by committing an offence punishable by a free kick or a penalty kick using offensive, insulting or abusive language or gesture receiving a second caution in the same match
- A player who has been sent off may not re-enter the play, nor may he sit on the substitutes’ bench, as he is obliged to leave the vicinity of the pitch. A substitute player may enter the pitch two full minutes after a team-mate has been sent off, unless a goal is scored before the two minutes have elapsed, and provided he has the authorisation of the timekeeper. In this case the following conditions apply:
- If there are 5 players against 4 and the team with the greater number of players scores a goal, the team with only 4 players may be completed with a fifth player
- If both teams are playing with 4 players and a goal is scored, both teams shall remain with the same number of players
- If there are 5 players playing against 3, or 4 against 3, and the team with the greater number of players scores a goal, the team with 3 players may be increased by one player only
- If both teams are playing with 3 players and a goal is scored, both teams shall remain with the same number of players
- If the team scoring the goal is the one with fewer players, the game shall continue without any change to the number of players
A tackle that endangers the safety of an opponent shall be sanctioned
as serious foul play.
4. Any act of simulation on the pitch that is intended to deceive the
referees shall be sanctioned as unsporting behaviour.
5. A player who removes his shirt when celebrating a goal shall be
cautioned for unsporting behaviour.
- Are those punished by a direct free kick as mentioned in Law 12
- The first 5 accumulated fouls committed by each team during each half are recorded in the match report
- The referees may allow play to continue by applying the advantage rule if the team has not yet committed 5 accumulated fouls and the opposing team is not denied an obvious goal scoring opportunity
- When applying the advantage rule, the referees shall use the mandatory signal to indicate an accumulated foul to the timekeeper and the third referee as soon as the ball is out of play
If extra time is played, accumulated fouls from the second period shall remain valid. Any accumulated fouls during extra time shall be added to the team’s total from the second period
Position of a free kick
For the first 5 accumulated fouls recorded against either team in each
half, and provided the game has been stopped for that reason:
- The players of the opposing team may form a wall to defend a free kick
- All opponents shall be situated at least 5 m from the ball
- A goal may be scored directly in the opponents’ goal from this free kick
Beginning with the sixth accumulated foul recorded against either
Team in each half:
- The defending team’s players may not form a wall to defend a free kick
- The player taking the kick shall be duly nominated
- The goalkeeper shall remain in his penalty area at a distance of at least 5 m from the ball
- All the other players shall remain on the pitch behind an imaginary line that is level with the ball and parallel to the goal line, and outside the penalty area.
- They shall remain 5 m away from the ball and may not obstruct the player taking the free kick.
- No player may cross this imaginary line until the ball has been struck and starts to move.
Procedure (for the sixth and any subsequent accumulated fouls)
- The player taking the free kick shall kick the ball with the intention of scoring a goal and may not pass the ball to a team-mate
- Once the free kick has been taken, no player may touch the ball until it has been touched by the defending goalkeeper, rebounded off the goalpost or crossbar, or left the pitch
- If a player commits his team’s sixth foul in the opposing team’s half or in his own half in the area bordered by the halfway line and an imaginary line parallel to the halfway line passing through the second penalty mark 10 m from the goal line, the free kick shall be taken from the second penalty mark. The second penalty mark is described in Law 1. The free kick shall be taken in compliance with the provisions of the previous paragraph “Position of free kick”
- If a player commits his team’s sixth foul in his own half of the pitch between the 10 m line, the goal line but outside the penalty area, the team awarded the free kick shall decide whether to take it from the second penalty mark or the place where the infringement occurred
- Additional time shall be allowed for a direct free kick to be taken at the end of each half or at the end of each period of extra time
Position of the ball and players
- Shall remain stationary on the touch line
- May be kicked back onto the pitch in any direction
The player taking the kick-in:
- Shall have part of one foot on the touch line or off the pitch at the moment he takes the kick-in
The players of the defending team:
- Shall be at least 5 m from the place where the kick-in is taken
- The player taking the kick-in shall do so within 4 seconds of receiving the ball
- The player taking the kick-in may not play the ball a second time until it has touched another player
- The ball shall be deemed in play as soon as it enters the pitch
Procedures to determine the winner of a match or play-off
- Extra time shall consist of two equal periods of five minute
- Where a team does not score more than its opponents, the winner of the match shall be decided by kicks taken from the penalty mark
Kicks from the penalty mark
- The referee shall choose the goal at which the kicks shall be taken
- The referee tosses a coin and the team whose captain wins the toss shall decide whether to take The first or second kick
- The referee and the timekeeper shall keep a record of the kicks taken
- subject to the conditions explained below, both teams shall take five kicks
- The kicks shall be taken alternately if, before both teams have taken five kicks, one has scored more goals than the other could score from all five of its kicks, no more kicks shall be taken
- If, after both teams have taken five kicks, both have scored the same number of goals, or have not scored any goals, the kicks shall continue to be taken in the same order until one team has scored one goal more than the other from the same number of kicks
- All players and substitutes are eligible to take a penalty kick
- Each kick shall be taken by a different player and all eligible players shall take a kick before any player may take a second kick
- An eligible player may change places with the goalkeeper at any time during kicks from the penalty mark
Only the eligible players and the referees are permitted to remain on the pitch during kicks from the penalty mark
Use of whistle
The use of the whistle is mandatory for:
- kick-offs: – to start play (1st and 2nd half and 1st and 2nd half of extra time, if necessary) – to restart play after a goal
- stopping play: – to award a free kick or penalty kick – to suspend or abandon a match or to confirm the timekeeper’s acoustic signal when he ends the period of play, or on completion of the trajectory of the ball if it is heading towards one of the goals once the period has ended
- restarting play for: – free kicks to ensure that the defending players observe the required distance – kicks from the second penalty mark
– Free kicks without a wall beginning with the sixth accumulated foul
– Penalty kicks
- restarting play after it has been stopped due to:
– The issue of a caution or sending-off for misconduct
– Injury to one or more players
The use of the whistle is not needed to:
– A goal clearance, corner kick or kick-in (it is mandatory if the situation is unclear)
– A goal (it is mandatory if the ball has not clearly entered the goal)
– a free kick if the distance of 5m has not been requested or the opposing team to the kicker has not committed six accumulated fouls or for a goal clearance, corner kick or kick-in
Body language is a tool that the referees use to:
- Help themselves control the match
- show authority and self-control
Body language is not:
- A means of justifying a decision